Review articles serve a different purpose than primary articles. They are written to summarize and synthesize studies by others on the same topic. This provides the research community with one article that summarizes the background and context as well as an overview of what is already known about a specific topic.
There are four types of review articles:
Anatomy of a Review Article:
Review articles look like research papers. They contain:
When in doubt, read the methods section to see if the authors are reporting on their personal research. If they are, it is a primary article.
Academic research articles are also called peer-reviewed or scholarly articles. To be considered a peer-reviewed article, it must be read and approved by other scholars in the same field.
A scholar writes an article and submits it to a scholarly journal. Before the article can be published it is sent out by the journal to a group of scholars in the same field. Those scholars read the article and either approve it or request changes before publication. Only after it has been approved can it be published by the journal.
This process helps ensure that information published in scholarly journals is accurate and reliable.