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Research Methods: Research Methods

Print and electronic resources for research methods coursework.

Research Methods


  • interviews
  • focus groups
  • observations / ethnographies
  • case studies


  • questionnaires / surveys
  • answer "how many?" or "how often"

Mixed Methods

  • a combination of qualitative and quantitative 

In-Class Materials

Types of Sources

Edited Volumes:

A type of book with chapters by different authors, typically on the same subject. 

Review Articles:

Book review articles by experts in the field save the reader time and give a brief synopsis of topics covered

Annual Review Articles:

Covers significant developments in a particular field throughout the year. Annual Review of Sociology, available electronically. 

Literature Review Structure

Authors should try to accomplish the following four important objectives in preparing a literature review: 

  1. The review should provide a thorough overview of previous research on the topic. This should be a helpful review for readers who are already familiar with the topic and an essential background for readers who are new to the topic.  
  2. The review should contain references to important previous studies related to the research question that are found in high quality sources such as scholarly books and journals.  
  3. The review is organized by topic, not by source. 
  4. The review should be succinct and well-organized.  
  5. The review should follow generally established stylistic guidelines.