To understand modern unfree labor in Peru, we have brought together sources on historical context, both pre-colonialism and during the time of the Spanish Empire, as well sources detailing growth and development in the modern era. This Library Guide is split into three sections: the Inca Empire, the Colonial era of Peru, and Republican Peru. Our sources on the pre-colonial time cover the labor systems put in place by the Inca to subjugate conquered peoples and fuel imperial expansion. In the center column, we examine how the Spanish changed the Inca labor systems already in place to meet their needs as an empire. Finally, in the third column we explore unfair labor and enslavement practiced in recent history and today. As a whole, our Library Guide will navigate you through Peru's association with slavery in the Inca, Colonial and Republican eras.